Living in Australia

All Australians are entitled to freedom of speech, association, assembly, religion, and movement. Australia is an independent Western democracy with a population of more than 20 million. It is one of the world's most urbanized countries. Home to some of the best and largest cities in the world, Australia is bliss for those who love travel and education.

Freedom of speech

Australians are free, within the bounds of the law, to say or write what we think privately or publicly, about the government, or about any topic. They do not censor the media and may criticise the government without fear of arrest. Free speech comes from facts, not rumours, and the intention must be constructive, not to do harm. There are laws to protect a person's good name and integrity against false information. There are laws against saying or writing things to incite hatred against others because of their culture, ethnicity or background. Freedom of speech is not an excuse to harm others.

Freedom of association

Australians are free to join any organisation or group if it is legal. They can choose to belong to a trade union or to a political party. Having and debating points of view allows for a healthy and strong democracy.

Freedom of assembly

Australians are free to meet with other people in public or private places. They can meet in small or large groups for legal social or political purposes. Being able to protest and to demonstrate is an accepted form of free expression. Protestors must not be violent or break laws such as assaulting others or trespassing on private or public property. People can change governments in a peaceful way by elections and not by violence.

Freedom of religion

Australia does not have an official or state religion. The law does not enforce any religious doctrine, however, religious practices must conform to the law. Australians are free to follow any religion we choose. They are also free not to have a religion.

Freedom of movement

Australians can move freely to and from all states and territories. People of Australia can leave and return to Australia at any time. Some migrants may have conditions placed on their visa until they become Australian citizens.

Interesting Facts:

  • Australia was originally called 'New South Wales'.
  • The most popular sports in Australia are Australian Rules Football, Rugby league, Cricket and Soccer.
  • Australia's 85.7 million sheep (mostly merinos) produce most of the world's wool.
  • With 25.4 million head of cattle, Australia is also the world's largest exporter of beef.
  • Australians invented note-pads (1902), the surf lifesaving reel (1906), aspirin (1915), the pacemaker (1926), penicillin (1940) the Hills Hoist clothesline (1946), the plastic disposable syringe (1949), the wine cask (1965), the bionic ear (1978), dual-flush toilet flush (1980) anti-counterfeiting technology for banknotes (1992) and long-wearing contact lenses (1999).